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Anxiety Disorders

Regular anxiety, fear, or panic can be the main symptom of several health conditions including:

Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD)

This is characterised by excessive, persistent worry and anxiety about various aspects of life, even when there is little or no reason to worry. People with GAD often find it difficult to control their anxiety and may experience physical symptoms such as restlessness, fatigue, muscle tension, difficulty concentrating, irritability, and sleep disturbances. GAD can significantly impact daily functioning and quality of life.


GAD Treatment

Treatment for GAD may include therapy such as cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), medication, or a combination of both.

Panic disorder

Recurrent, unexpected panic attacks characterise this. Panic attacks are sudden episodes of intense fear or discomfort that reach a peak within minutes. During a panic attack, individuals may experience symptoms such as heart palpitations, sweating, trembling, shortness of breath, chest pain, nausea, and a feeling of being out of control. People with panic disorder often worry about having more panic attacks and may change their behaviour to avoid situations that could trigger an attack.


Panic disorder Treatment

Treatment for panic disorder may involve therapy such as CBT, medication, or a combination of both.


An intense and persistent fear of a specific object, situation, or activity characterises this. People with phobias experience overwhelming fear that can interfere with their daily life. Phobias can be of different types, such as social phobia (social anxiety disorder), specific phobia (e.g. fear of flying, fear of spiders, etc.), or agoraphobia (fear of open spaces or situations where escape may be difficult).

Phobia Treatment

Treatment for phobias may include CBT, gradual exposure to the source of fear, and in some cases, medication.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

This can develop after a person has been exposed to a traumatic event. People with PTSD may experience intrusive memories of the traumatic event, nightmares, avoidance of related situations, mood changes, sleep difficulties, and intense physical reactions when confronted with reminders of the trauma.

PTSD Treatment 

Treatment for PTSD typically includes mental health therapy such as trauma-focused cognitive behavioural therapy (tf-CBT) or eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) and, in some cases, medication to help the person manage symptoms and recover from the trauma.

Complex Post-traumatic stress disorder (CPTSD)

You may have CPTSD if you have some of the symptoms of PTSD and also have problems with managing your emotions and relationships. The symptoms of CPTSD are similar to symptoms of PTSD but may also include feelings of worthlessness, shame, guilt, problems controlling your emotions, finding it hard to feel connected with other people, and having trouble keeping friends and partners.

CPTSD may be caused by experiencing recurring or long-term traumatic events such as childhood abuse or neglect, domestic violence, sexual abuse, torture, sex trafficking, slavery, or war. You may also be more likely to develop CPTSD if you experienced trauma at a young age, you were harmed by someone close to you whom you trusted or you were unable to escape the trauma.

CPTSD Treatment

Treatment for CPTSD typically includes mental health therapy such as trauma-focused cognitive behavioural therapy (tf-CBT) or eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) and, in some cases, medication to help the person manage symptoms and recover from the trauma.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

This is characterised by a pattern of unwanted thoughts and fears, known as obsessions, which lead to repetitive behaviours, referred to as compulsions. People with OCD find themselves driven to carry out these compulsive acts in an attempt to ease their stress or to prevent bad things from happening. Despite this, the compulsions generally provide only temporary relief from anxiety and do not bring pleasure.


OCD Treatment

OCD is often a chronic condition, but effective treatments are available to manage symptoms. These include pharmacological treatment through medications, particularly selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants, and mental health therapies such as CBT, specifically exposure and response prevention (ERP).

Hypochondriacal disorder (Health anxiety disorder or Illness anxiety disorder)

This is a condition where a person's preoccupation with their health reaches such a level that it hinders their day-to-day functioning. It can lead to multiple and repeated physical investigations of physical symptoms, which are usually negative.

Hypochondriacal disorder Treatment

Understanding and accepting the symptoms and accessing appropriate treatment, such as CBT and potentially medication, can significantly aid those living with this condition.

Contact our team for Private Psychiatrist assessment, diagnosis, psychotherapy and anxiety treatment.

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